Rotavirus is the virus responsible for rotavirus, a disease characterized by acute diarrhea.
This virus is a major cause of severe diarrhea worldwide in young children under the age of five, and is therefore common in places with many children, such as nurseries, nurseries, kindergartens and schools.
In addition to children, rotavirus can also target young people and adults.
In this article we will present the forms of transmission of this virus, the symptoms manifested, as well as how to treat rotavirus infection and prevent its onset.
Rotavirus is transmitted through the fecal-oral and respiratory tract.
As this virus is excreted from the body through the faeces, if the necessary hygiene conditions do not exist, they can contaminate food and water and thus be passed on to others.
Symptoms that usually manifest in a rotavirus infection are characterized by acute diarrhea, vomiting and nausea, high fever, pain in the abdomen area and general malaise.
Due to acute diarrhea, rotavirus can easily cause dehydration, especially in younger children.
In young and adult individuals, the symptoms are usually milder than in children younger than six years.
It is important to note that the first infection is always the most serious, since the body gains some degree of immunity.
In this way, the infections that may occur later have less severe manifestations.
How to treat rotavirus
There is no treatment for this infection. However, some patient care is prescribed, especially in terms of dehydration.
As diarrhea is quite watery, the individual loses a lot of water whenever he or she defecates.
This way, if this water is not restored, the patient can become dehydrated, which can have serious consequences in the functioning of the organism.
How to prevent rotavirus
Prevention of rotavirus is based primarily on two aspects: vaccination and hygiene care.
As for the rotavirus vaccine (VORH), it should be given to children up to six months of age.
Regarding hygiene care, basic handwashing should be followed whenever using the toilet, changing a diaper or moving animals, among other similar situations.
Never drink untreated water, or feed on foods exposed to infected individuals.