Used by most women and makeup aficionados in General, lipstick, mascara, eyeshadow and blush are the “basic” items that can not miss on the jewel case. Designed to enhance the beauty, they are part of everyday life of many people and also have the power to transform aesthetically many faces around.
Used since many years ago, we brought a little bit of the history of these items to learn about its origins.
The history of lipstick
Probably the women of ancient Mesopotamia were the first to invent and use the lipstick, which was composed of some kind of ore, used to color the lips. A few decades ahead, in Ancient Egypt, women used red pigment extracted from algae, iodine and bromine mannitol, which unfortunately were toxic and brought many health problems. For this reason, this cosmetic was suspended.
In the 16 century, give color to the lips began to popularize. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, have red lips and pale face, became fashion and synonymous with wealth-only nobles and with possessions could bear this visual; so much so that only the upper class women and male actors wore. The product was made from a mixture of beeswax and Red extracts of plants.
In 1770 it was approved the law that a marriage should be annulled if the woman wore cosmetics before the appointment. There’s no need to explain in detail that at this stage of the story we see the decline of innovations in this field. The first commercial lipstick was invented by perfumers in Paris in the year 1884. The item was made from deer tallow, castor oil and beeswax, silk paper protected.
In the 19 century, the lipstick has become pigmented through dye Carmine-excerpted from an insect named scales; native to Mexico and Central America. It was not usual for your daily use, since the product was unnatural aspect and also was expensive, being used more by actors and actresses.
Over the decades the pigments were mixed with other substances, which transferred a more natural appearance, being accepted by society for women to wear more often on special occasions: parties, dinners and events. Until then, I was in some kind of nerve, or container to be applied with a brush. Only in 1915, found the lipstick in cylinder, invented by Maurice Levy. Through a lateral lever the lipstick was shifted to the surface.
In 1923, the first Rotary tube was patented by James Bruce Mason Jr. in Nashville, Tennessee. In this same decade, actresses began wearing lipstick for photographs and movies all the time, which helped to finally adopt the women in your daily routine. From there the product became popular too and today has a variety of textures, colors, and finishes, practically there is no production of makeup without that item.
Brief history of mascara
Before 19 century, we find low-or no-information about this cosmetic. This was invented by Eugene Rimmel, a talented French perfumer, apprentice of your own father and founder of the House of Rimmel. Initially the product was a dense paste and applied with the fingers; your package was something like grease cans we see today. The more modern version was developed in 1917 by a chemical called T.L. Williams, after your sister, Maybel asked him to create a product easier to use.
This new mascara was done mixing the Vaseline and coal dust – it was a folder more fluid and followed a little brush for application. The product was so successful, that Williams began to sell it by mail. Years later, your little company called Maybelline Company – today the Maybelline – who became one of the leaders in the cosmetic industry. Currently, indispensable in any production, we have rímeis with several functions and colours.
The famous ‘ shadow ‘
There is no exact date of the emergence of our so loved ones shadows, but some of the older records are related to Ancient Egypt. The Egyptians stood out very eyes: well delineated – check out the history of the outlined kitten here – and, in order to protect themselves from the scorching sun of the desert. Believed to paint the eyes would “shadow” – along comes the name of this product.
At the same time, doctors prescribed the use of natural medicines for the IRIS, eyelid and cornea that were composed of Leucomalachite Green, black, red and ochre carnelian, lapis lazuli blue and deposited in the eye as eye drops. They began to use these colorful aesthetic purposes medications. Over time were other colors and the habit of color the eyelids in a variety of ways. Including the poor rich distinguished colors characterized the social hierarchy and to indicate the origin of a person, since many cultures have specific makeup.
We find in sarcophagi drawings with colored pigments, the same used in makeup. Are basically the ores mixed with oils. Over the decades, the product was evolving and gaining the form in which we know it today: powder, paste, gel and with a multitude of colors and finishes.
Blush and your purpose in giving “health air” for the skin
In ancient Greece, around 1100 BC, the product came to be used for that healthy air to the face. The misturinha was still done by hand, with red fruit (almost always blackberries) and seaweed.
In the 18th century, the French Alexandre Bourjois created the first industrialized product version, named rouge, “red” in French. He was used by the nobility, including men, to give the appearance of porcelain doll; This air of exaggerated health was synonymous with wealth, health and wealth.
With the popularization of makeup in the 1920, the product gained more amarronzadas and orange colors, but still, the pink was the most popular.
In the years 80, the cosmetic industry has grown too and the French lost the lead for other companies, mostly American. Thus, the official name happened to rouge to blush, “blush” in English. And like so many other cosmetics won new versions, finishes, textures and colors.
Today we find several tutorials on the internet teaching how to do their own makeup products, we seem to be coming back a little in time, rescuing the simplicity of getting a quality effect with few resources. The makeup aficionados, we look forward to what’s new on the market!